Only through total abstinence can people safely prevent alcohol dependence. Even though most people can stay away from alcohol if they wanted to, there are some who cannot. If an individual wants to consume alcohol, they should take some precautions.
The amount of alcohol should be as low as possible and should never be increased. Experts believe that consuming more than one and a half tablespoons of alcohol per day (in women) and three tablespoons of alcohol in men is considered “risky” and is an addictive hazard. For comparison: 0.33 liters of beer corresponds to about 1.75 tablespoons of alcohol.
Drinking should not be used as a remedy for frustration, inhibition or anxiety. At least two days of the week, no alcohol should be drunk. The most important measure is to seek help in case of questionable consumption. People can also look for tips online if they are hesitant to seek face-to-face assistance. Just remember that alcoholism is nothing to be ashamed of.
Course of addiction
The transition from regular alcohol consumption to dependence is a fluid one. Over time, tolerance develops: a person needs an increased amount of alcohol to experience the pleasant effects experienced before. Gradually, signs of physical dependence (withdrawal symptoms) appear when no alcohol is consumed after a particular time.
Since alcohol activates the reward center in the brain, there is a psychological dependence and a strong desire to consume alcohol again. After all, it’s all about the alcohol. Interests and social life are also neglected.
Measures during rehab
Therapeutic measures take place either in individual discussions or groups. In behavioral therapy, sufferers learn strategies to overcome their urge for alcohol. Accompanying medication, relaxation techniques and exercise therapies can aid the treatment.
The ultimate goal is to avoid a relapse. Also, the user will learn how to handle risky situations (psychological pressure, attending parties or eating at restaurants, quarrels with their partner, etc.) without the need for alcohol. If a person can successfully learn how to handle dangerous situations, they will see that triggers and backgrounds of the addiction are worked out. Partner or family discussions provide relatives with the knowledge of how to support those affected and, thus, counteract alcohol consumption.